domingo, 18 de septiembre de 2016

EL LENGUAJE DE SATURNO ▲ Cassini Begins Epic Final Year at Saturn | NASA

Cassini Begins Epic Final Year at Saturn | NASA

Cassini Begins Epic Final Year at Saturn

Since NASA's Cassini spacecraft arrived at Saturn, the planet's appearance has changed greatly. This view shows Saturn's northern hemisphere in 2016, as that part of the planet nears its northern hemisphere summer solstice in May 2017.
Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute
After more than 12 years studying Saturn, its rings and moons, NASA's Cassini spacecraft has entered the final year of its epic voyage. The conclusion of the historic scientific odyssey is planned for September 2017, but not before the spacecraft completes a daring two-part endgame.
Beginning on November 30, Cassini's orbit will send the spacecraft just past the outer edge of the main rings. These orbits, a series of 20, are called the F-ring orbits. During these weekly orbits, Cassini will approach to within 4,850 miles (7,800 kilometers) of the center of the narrow F ring, with its peculiar kinked and braided structure.
"During the F-ring orbits we expect to see the rings, along with the small moons and other structures embedded in them, as never before," said Linda Spilker, Cassini project scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California. "The last time we got this close to the rings was during arrival at Saturn in 2004, and we saw only their backlit side. Now we have dozens of opportunities to examine their structure at extremely high resolution on both sides."
The Last Act: A Grand Finale
Cassini's final phase -- called the Grand Finale -- begins in earnest in April 2017. A close flyby of Saturn's giant moon Titan will reshape the spacecraft's orbit so that it passes through the gap between Saturn and the rings – an unexplored space only about 1,500 miles (2,400 kilometers) wide. The spacecraft is expected to make 22 plunges through this gap, beginning with its first dive on April 27.
NASA's Cassini spacecraft stared at Saturn for nearly 44 hours in April 2016 to obtain this movie showing four Saturn days. Cassini will begin a series of dives between the planet and its rings in April 2017, building toward a dramatic end of mission -- a final plunge into the planet, six months later.
During the Grand Finale, Cassini will make the closest-ever observations of Saturn, mapping the planet's magnetic and gravity fields with exquisite precision and returning ultra-close views of the atmosphere. Scientists also hope to gain new insights into Saturn's interior structure, the precise length of a Saturn day, and the total mass of the rings -- which may finally help settle the question of their age. The spacecraft will also directly analyze dust-sized particles in the main rings and sample the outer reaches of Saturn's atmosphere -- both first-time measurements for the mission.
"It's like getting a whole new mission," said Spilker. "The scientific value of the F ring and Grand Finale orbits is so compelling that you could imagine a whole mission to Saturn designed around what we're about to do."
Getting Into Saturn, Literally
Since the beginning of 2016, mission engineers have been tweaking Cassini's orbital path around Saturn to position the spacecraft for the mission's final phase. They have sent the spacecraft on a series of flybys past Titan that are progressively raising the tilt of Cassini's orbit with respect to Saturn's equator and rings. This particular orientation enables the spacecraft to leap over the rings with a single (and final) Titan flyby in April, to begin the Grand Finale.
"We've used Titan's gravity throughout the mission to sling Cassini around the Saturn system," said Earl Maize, Cassini project manager at JPL. "Now Titan is coming through for us once again, providing a way for Cassini to get into these completely unexplored regions so close to the planet."
The Grand Finale will come to a dramatic end on Sept. 15, 2017, as Cassini dives into Saturn's atmosphere, returning data about the planet's chemical composition until its signal is lost. Friction with the atmosphere will cause the spacecraft to burn up like a meteor soon afterward.
To celebrate the beginning of the final year and the adventure ahead, the Cassini team is releasing a new movie of the rotating planet, along with a color mosaic, both taken from high above Saturn's northern hemisphere. The movie covers 44 hours, or just over four Saturn rotations.
Cassini infographic
The Cassini spacecraft has logged impressive numbers in the 12 years since it arrived at Saturn on July 1, 2004. This infographic offers a snapshot of just a few of the mission's big numbers on Sept. 15, 2016, as it heads into a final year of science at Saturn.
Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech
‘A Truly Thrilling Ride’
"This is the sort of view Cassini will have as the spacecraft repeatedly climbs high above Saturn's northern latitudes before plunging past the outer -- and later the inner -- edges of the rings," said Spilker.
And so, although the mission's end is approaching -- with a "Cassini Final Plunge" clock already counting down in JPL mission control -- an extremely important phase of the mission is still to come.
"We may be counting down, but no one should count Cassini out yet," said Curt Niebur, Cassini program scientist at NASA Headquarters in Washington. "The journey ahead is going to be a truly thrilling ride." 
The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, ESA (European Space Agency) and the Italian Space Agency. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of Caltech in Pasadena, manages the mission for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. JPL designed, developed and assembled the Cassini orbiter.
More information about Cassini:
Preston Dyches
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.
Last Updated: Sept. 15, 2016
Editor: Tony Greicius

el dispensador dice:
¿oyes algo que parece estática?...
es que tu tecnología no alcanza,
para descifrar lenguas que vibran oscilando como si fuesen rayas,
¿continúas escuchando estática?...
es que aquello que utilizas para captar lo que se habla no traduce el eco de la traza,
para comprender los pensamientos... debes avanzar hacia otra etapa...
dejar de razonar como lo haces,
y abrir tu mente a letanías musicales que ondean sobre todo lo que pasa...

sucede que estás detenido en la ciencia que no te abraza,
haces un negocio de todo lo que te sucede,
y sigues sin comprender qué es lo ves,
pensando con tu panza... 
mientras comes todo está bien,
pero cuando digieres lo que te alimenta,
es el vacío lo que te envuelve,
y es el abismo el que te alcanza...

entonces sigues sin comprender qué te sucede,
y no logras interpretar lo que ves,
porque tampoco escuchas a quienes te hablan,
siendo que allá hay tanta vida,
que se comunican mediante silencios,
sin necesidad de escribir pentagramas...

es necesario salirse de la mezquindad,
tanto como de la miseria humana,
porque el universo sostiene su orden,
sin necesidad que ningún humano participe en nada...

el lenguaje de Saturno... es de gramática simple...
así como de fonética sana,
todo es cuestión de abrir la mente,
para ver que las cosas son claras,
cuando se niega lo evidente,
todo parece estática.
SEPTIEMBRE 18, 2016.-

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